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女模Bruna否认借陈伟霆炒作 对两人关系三缄其口

2019-08-25 00:58 来源:企业家在线

  女模Bruna否认借陈伟霆炒作 对两人关系三缄其口

  Adjustfontsize:PhototakenonMay21,2018showsacross-bordere-commercefreighttraininXian,northwestChinasShaanxiProvince.[Photo/Xinhua]FromancienttradetomoderntechTwomillenniaago,camelcaravanstrekkedacrossaninlandroutecenteredaroundChangan–todaysXian,thecapitalofShaanxiprovince–servingtoconn,undertheguidelinesoftheBeltandRoadInitiative,cross-borderandtranscontinentaltransactionsareboomingonlineaswell,withakeydifference:unliketheancientmodel,theonlinebusinessesoftodaysdigitaleraaremoreefficient,ooseproductsfromoverseas–fromArgentinasredprawns,MexicosavocadosandChilescherriestotheCzechscrystals,MyanmarsemeraldsandBulgariasroseoil–havelaunchedbusinessesonChinasonlineshoppingplatforms,,thesee-platformsfacilitatetheexportofChineseproductsto54countries,amongthemRussia,Ukraine,Poland,Thailand,,projectedtoreach2billionconsumersgloballyby2020,hasbecomeapillarindustrysupportingworldwidetrade,saidXingYue,,oneofChinasleadinge-commerceconglomeratesheadquarteredinHangzhou,,cross-bordere-businessesdonotonlyfocusonsellingproducts,butalsooncreatingservice-centeredtrade,asignalepitomizingdigitalcommerce,addedXingatthesecondCross-BorderE-CommerceSummitheldinZhengzhou,capitalofHenanProvince,,thecompanysannualonlineshoppingspreehostedlastNovember11–adayevolvedfromChinasSinglesDayintoanannualonlineshoppingfrenzy–attractedbuyersfrom225countriesandregions,(US$),,sethesameaccount,saidShenDifan,,theproblemisthatthesmall-and-medium-sizedenterprisesinChinawereunabletoreachoverseascustomers,Shensaid,addingthate-commercehasallowedthesebusinessestotapintoothermarkets,,overseaspackagesoftentookaslongas60daystoarrivetoRussianhouseholds,,however,withtheadoptionofbigdata,Russiancustomsisnol,detailedinformationabouteachpackage,includingdates,typesandvaluesofcommodities,ismadeavailableonline,–arisingasoneofChinasfourmajormoderninventions,alongwithhigh-speedrailway,Alipayandbicyclesharingplatforms–hasoverhauledtraditionalindustrialchainsandreshapedthetradesystemacrosstheworld,,WuMin,theeditorinchiefoftheItalianweeklynewspaperIlTempoEuropaCina,,itcostusheavilytosendnewspaperstothecountryside,,withtheuseofdrones,weareabletosurmountthelast-milechallengeandsendournewspaperstoruralreadersatmuchlowercosts,,weighing13kilogramseach,,smarttechnologiesincludingroboticcouriersandunmannedinventoryhaveenabledthecompaniesshipmentstocover99percentofthepopulationnationwide,saving70percentoftotallogisticalcosts,BEIJING,June4(Xinhua)--ChinesePresidentXiJinpingwillchairthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)Summit,whichisscheduledforJune9to10inQingdao,acoastalcityineastChinamprehensiverructiverolesinregionalandinternationalissues,andthereforesetanexampleofanewtypeofinternationalrelationsfeaturingmutualrespect,fairnessandjustice,andwin-wincooperation.--WhowillattendthesummitLeadersoftheeightSCOmemberstatesandthefourobserverstates,aswellasheadsofinternationalorsfullmembersareChina,Kazakhstan,Kyrgyzstan,Russia,Tajikistan,Uzbekistan,,Belarus,Iran,andMongolia.--WhatisonagendaXiwillchairt,advocatethe"ShanghaiSpirit,"anddiscussmeasurestofightthe"threeevilforces"ofterrorism,extremismandseparatism,drugtrafficking,onsolidatingthemultilateraltradesystem,andlayoutnewplanstoenhancethesynergyofdevelopmentstrategiesofmemberstates,especiallypromotingt,thepresidentsofRussia,Kazakhstan,andKyrgyzstanwillpaystatevisitstoChina,--ConsensustobereachedThesummitwillissuetheQingdaoDeclarationtosummarizethedevelopmentexperienceoftheSCOandpromotethe"ShanghaiSpirit"ofmutualtrust,mutualbenefit,equality,consultation,respectfordiversecivilizations,ong-termGoodNeighborliness,FriendshipandCooperation,andapprovemorethan10cooperationdealscoveringareasincludingsecurity,economy,andpeople-to-peopleexchanges.

byMahmoudFouly,Emadal-AzrakCAIRO,(Xinhua)--,cratrivalHillaryClintoninaclosepresidentialraceafteracontroversialandscandalouscampaigncycle,saggressiveremarksduringhispresidentialcampaignthatoffendedmanyArabs,"Duringhiscampaign,TrumpannouncedhissupportforIsraelandsaidhewouldmoveitscapitalcityfromTelAvivtocontroversialJerusalem,whichisaworryingandregrettableposition,"saidEgyptianformerambassadortoWashingtonAl-SayyidAminShalaby,notinghewasoneofthosesurprisedbyTrumpsadvisersabouttheseriousnessofsuchasteponpeaceintheMideastregion,noti"Butafterhewonelections,Trumpsfirstremarksmeanttolightenhispreviousones,stressinghiswillingnesstocooperatewithallWashingtonsalliestoachievecommoninterests,"includingEgyptandJordantoaddresstheMiddleEastcrisesincludinggrowingterrorism."WeshouldwaitforsomeweeksormonthsuntilthepictureisclearaboutTrumpspositionsonseveralissues,particularlythoserelatedtotheMiddleEastregion,",,costtheMiddleEastsodonalstabilitydespitehis"newbeginning"promiseswhenfirstelected."TrumpsvictorymayhaveapositiveeffectontheMiddleEastandmayopenthewayfornewactionsintheregionwithnewinfluentialregionalplayers,"saidSaeedal-Lawindi,researcherofinternationalrelationsatCairo-basedAl-AhramCenterforPoliticalandStrategicStudies."llattempttoeasetheregionaltensions,asTrumpblamedObamasadministrationformismanagingMideastcrises,particularlythatofIraq,"swinisbelievedtohaveraisedhopeforsomeArableadersincludingSyrianPresidentBasharal-Assad,whomTrumpbelievestobefightingtheIslamicState(IS)terrorists,andEgyptianPresidentAbdel-Fattahal-Sisi,,apoliticalscienceprofessorattheAmericanUniversityinCairo,arguedthatTrumprejectionofObamaspoliciesbasedoninterferenceofothercountriesdomesticaffairs,sdepartureunderObama,butTrumpwill"takeadifferentpathandwillagreewiththeRussianandtheEgyptianvisionsontheSyriancrisis,whicharebasedonSyriasunityandAssadspresenceforatransitionalperiodwhilegettingridoftheIS."ID:22923597----URL:http:///2016-11/10/content_BANGKOK,(Xinhua)--BangkokiansarestronglysuggestedtorefrainfrommakingloudnoiseorengaginginfanfareactivityduringLoyKrathong(basket-floating)donFridaythatrevelersoftheannualLoyKrathongfestivalintheThaicapitalrefrainfromorganizingconcerts,makingloudnoiseorplayingwithfirecrahoodoftheGrandPalacewherethepeoplearepayinghomagetothelatemonarch,,fanfaretraditioninwhichrevelersthroughoutThailandcomeoutatnighttofloatbaskets,madeofgreenishbanapoolsathotels,besidesthecanalsandrivers,:22944385----URL:http:///2016-11/11/content_

  Chinahasbeendedicatedtoprovidingpublicgoodstotheinternationalcommunity,aswellasgettinginvolvedintheglobalgovernanceonenvironment,saidErikSolheim,ExecutiveDirectoroftheUnitedNationsEnvironmentProgramme(UNEP),inarecentinterviewwithPeople’ingeandestablishaglo,Chinawillestablishitsimageasaresponsiblemajorcountryanddrivetheconstructionofacommunitywithasharedfutureforhumanbeings,stressedChinesePresidentXiJinping,vironmentnotedthatChinahasmadehistoricalcontributionstotheParisAgreement,whichaimstoreducegreenhousegasesbeyond2020,andhasgreatlyenhancedthecountry’,PresidentXiissuedseveraljointstatementswiththenUSPresidentObamaandthenFrenchPresidentHollande,bridgingtheirdifferencestonegotiateandreachaconsensus,entiononClimateChange,puttingforwardChina’ssolutionanddrivingtheagreementonoutcomed,ChinahassetupministerialconsultationmechanismsonclimatechangewithBRICSmemberstatesandlaunchedtheministerialmeetingmechanismwithCanadaaswellastheEU,alparticipation,saidPanJiahua,directoroftheInstituteof,,acityineastChina’sJiangsuProvinceasanexample,itsthefirstcityinChinatoestablishalowcarboncitymanagementcloudplatform,basedoninformationtechnologiesincludingcloudcomputing,Internetofthings,geographicalinform,Zhenjiang,asoneofChina’sfirstbatchesofecologicalcivilizationleadingdemonstrationareas,alsodevelopedapproachestoterminatehighenergyconsumption,industryinDecember2017,and,thecountry’’scarbondioxi,ChinahassetthethirddayofNationalEner,tointroducethecountry’,theChinesegovernmentsupportsinitiativeofenterprisesandthegeneralpublic,effectivelyimprovingtheawarenessandactionabilities,activitiesconsideredlow-carbonincludingwalking,takingthesubwayorridingabikeandsellingsecondhandgoodscanbeconvertedintovirtual“greenenergy”inthe“AntForest”“greenenergy”isearned,publicserviceorganizationswillplantarealtreeinareassuchastheInnerMongoliaAutonomousRegion.“I’mgladthatIcanmakecontributionstoprotectingtheearth,”’,buildingenergyefficiencyandthermalpowergeneration,,andthecountryisnowworkingonanimplementationplantoachievethisgoal.rofapercentagepoint,itssecondratehikethisyearandtheseventhsincelate2015."Inviewofrealizedandexpectedlabormarketconditionsandinflation,the(FederalOpenMarket)Committeedecidedtoraisethetargetrangeforthefederalfundsrateto1-3/4to2percent,""continuedtostrengthen"andeconomicactivityhasbeen"risingatasolidrate",withhoustemsotherthanfoodandenergy"havemovedcloseto2percent",suggestingthatFedofficialsaregett,,,,,upfromthreeestimatedinMarch,kesremainstheappropriatepathforthecentralbanktosustaineconomicexpansion."Wecontinuedtobelievethatagradualapproachforincreasingthefederalfundsratewillbestpromoteasustainedexpansionofeconomicactivity,stronglabormarketconditions,andinflationnearoursymmetrictwopercentgoal,"PowellsaidWednesdayatapressconference."Weareawarethatraisingratestooslowlymightraisetheriskthatmonetarypolicywouldneedtotightenabruptlydowntheroadinresponsetoanunexpectedlysharpincreaseininflationorfinancialexcesses,jeopardizingtheeconomicexpansion,"heargued,owsannouncementmarkedtheFedsseventhratehikeofthistighteningcyclebeginningDecember2015andthesecondmoveunderPowell,ismonthestimatedthattheFedwouldraiseinterestratesagainatitsSeptemberpolicymeeting.

  TherelaysatellitefortheplannedChange-4lunarprobe,whichisexpectedtolandsoftlyonthefarsideoftheMoonattheendofthisyear,hasentereditsmissionorbit,,namedQueqiao,orMagpieBridge,launchedonMay21,enteredtheHaloorbitaroundthesecondLagrangian(L2)pointoftheEarth-Moonsystemabout65,000kmfromtheMoonat11:"Thesatelliteistheworldsfirstcommunicationsatelliteoperatinginthatorbit,andwilllaythefoundationfortheChange-4,whichisexpectedtobecomeworldsfirstprobesoft-landingandrovingonthefarsideoftheMoon,"saidZhangHongtai,presidentoftheChinaAcademyofSpaceTechnology.XiangXiang,thefemalegiantpandaborninJapanlastyear,turns1yearoldatUenoZooinTokyo,Japan,June12,suggestionsfromthepublic.(Photo/IC)VisitorstakephotosofXiangXiang,thefemalegiantpandaborninJapanlastyear,atUenoZooinTokyo,June12,onTuesday.(Photo/IC)XiangXiang,thefemalegiantpandaborninJapanlastyear,turns1yearoldatUenoZooinTokyo,Japan,June12,2018.(Photo/IC)PandaXiangXiangwalkswithitsmotheratUenoZooinTokyo,Japan,June12,,borninJapanlastyear,turned1yearoldonMonday.(Photo/IC)

SouthKoreanForeignMinisterKangKyung-whasaidThursdaythatjointmilitaryexercisesbetweenSouthKoreaandtheUnitedStates,whichhavebeenconductedtwiceayear,areanissuetobedeterminedmmitwithtopleaderoftheDemocraticPeoplesRepublicofKorea(DPRK)"provocative",agreeingtocompletede,rengthentheutwhatexactmeaningandintentionTrump,itnotedthatwhilePyongyangandWashingtonproceedwithanearnestdialogueondenuclearizingthepeninsulaandestablishingbilateralrelations,itneedssspringtimewargameswerecond

  ChinesedancersperformduringafolkdanceshowoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)artfestivalheldinBeijing,capitalofChina,June1,onOrganization(SCO)artfestivalheldinBeijing,capitalofChina,June1,2018.(Xinhua/ShenBohan)RussiandancersperformduringafolkdanceshowoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)artfestivalheldinBeijing,capitalofChina,June1,2018.(Xinhua/ShenBohan)PakistanidancersperformduringafolkdanceshowoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)artfestivalheldinBeijing,capitalofChina,June1,2018.(Xinhua/ShenBohan)ChinesedancersperformduringafolkdanceshowoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)artfestivalheldinBeijing,capitalofChina,June1,2018.(Xinhua/ShenBohan)ChinesedancersperformduringafolkdanceshowoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)artfestivalheldinBeijing,capitalofChina,June1,2018.(Xinhua/ShenBohan)ChinesedancersperformduringafolkdanceshowoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)artfestivalheldinBeijing,capitalofChina,June1,2018.(Xinhua/ShenBohan)ChinesedancersperformduringafolkdanceshowoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)artfestivalheldinBeijing,capitalofChina,June1,2018.(Xinhua/ShenBohan)UzbekdancersperformduringafolkdanceshowoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)artfestivalheldinBeijing,capitalofChina,June1,2018.(Xinhua/ShenBohan)UzbekdancersperformduringafolkdanceshowoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)artfestivalheldinBeijing,capitalofChina,June1,2018.(Xinhua/ShenBohan)

  IthasbeenoneyearsinceChinaunveiledtheplantoestablishtheXionganNewArea,aspecialeconomiczonelocatedabout100kilometerssouthwestofdowntownBeijing,aspartofthecoordinateddevelopmentoftheBeijing-Tianjin-HebeiregiononApril1,onsfromBeijing,exploreanewmodelofoptimizeddevelopmentindensely-populatedareas,restructuretheurbanlayoutintheBeijing-Tianjin-Hebeiregionandcultivatenewinnovation-drivenengines,accordingtothecircularissuedbytheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC)lwalkyouthroughtheprogress.NestledintheheartofBeijing,justbehindtheTiananmenGate,’saptlynamedduetothefactthatordinarype,legendhasitthatevencatchingaglimpseof,however,over16millionpeoplevisitthepalaceeveryyear,,000visitorsperdayandisclosedeveryMondayforrepairandrenovation,sotha’sthelargestancientpalacecomplexintheworld,andwasbuiltbythethirdemperoroftheMingdynasty,theYongleEmperor(1403-1420),,14yearsisnotahugeamountoftimetocreatethe112hectaresofornate,traditionalbeautythatisstillvisibletoday.

  IranwillresumeenrichinguraniumatitsFordownuclearsiteiftheIraniannucleardealcollapses,spokespersonfortheAtomicEnergyOrganizationofIran(AEOI)litywillberestoredatthediscretionofseniorIranianofficialsincasethedeal,knownastheJointComprehensivePlanofAction(JCPOA),fallsapart,accordingtoIran,theundergroundb,theIslamicrepublicst,AEOIChiefAliAkbarSalehisaidTehranhasalreadydevelopedthenecessaryinfrastructureattheNatanznuclearfacilityfortheenrichmentofuraniumatthecapacityofonemillionSWU(SeparativeWorkUnit).Iraniscur,targetsEvinprisonMeanwhile,TehranTimescitedBusinessStandardsreportassayingthatonTuesday,EuropeanUnionforeignpolicychiefFedericaMogherinipromisedthattheEUwillcontinuesupportingtheJCPOAonthesimplepragmaticreasonthat"thereisnobetteralternative."MogherinisaiditisessentialfortheEU’ssecurityandforthesecurityintheregiontocontinueimplementingtheagreement,andtheEUwouldguaranteethis,

  MOSCOW,(Xinhua)--TheCommunistPartyofChina(CPC)highlightingtheneedforstrengtheningintra-partydisciplinewasabsolutelytimelyunderchangingandnotalwaysfavorableconditions,,thesixthplenarysessionofthe18thCPCCentralCommitteeadopteddecisionsonfurtherstrengtheningintra-partydiscipline."Inthenewsituation,theroleoftherulingpartyasageneratorofstrategicdevelopmentplansandamanagingforceofthegiantcountryincreases,"YuriTavrovsky,aprofessorwiththePeoplesFriendshipUniversityofRussia,,intheworldmarkets,"reformandopeningup,"somepartyfunctionariesestablishedcorruptconnectionswithbusinessstructuresundertheircontrol,,theexpertbelieves,astheyhamperthetransformationoftheeconomy,,agrowingnumberofChinascompetitorshaveincreasedoutputofcheaperproductswhichrequirelessexpensivetechnologies,,sayingthisis"anambitiousandpotentiallydangerousplan",militaryprovocationsintheSouthChinaSeahavebeentakingasystemicnature,withtheUnitedStatesexpandingitsmilitarypresenceontheKoreanpeninsulaandJapanexploringnewareasclosertoChina."ThesenewsituationsrequireefficientworkoftherulingpartyofChina,",theroleoftheCPCisthatof"thebrainofthenationanditsnervoussystem,"theRussianexpertsaid."Thebrainofthepartyshouldworkimpeccably,whilethenervoussystemhastoreacttothesignalssentbybraininstantlyandaccurately."Thelackofdisciplineand,especially,corruptionatanypointinanycomponentofthepartyorganismisfraughtwiththemostseriousconsequences,,thedecisionsoftheplenarysessiononstrengtheningthepartydisciplineandimprovingthesystemofinner-Partysupervision,aswellasonsystemicfightagainstcorruption,areabsolutelytimelyandnecessary,:22924310----URL:http:///2016-11/10/content_WhatdoesyourmusictastesayaboutYOUWhetheryouprefersophisticatedorsimplemusiccouldrevealalotaboutyourpersonality.你对复杂音乐或者简单音乐的喜好可以透露关于你性格的大量信息。

  Special:The18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summithasinjectedfreshimpetustothebuildingofanSCOcommunitywith,PresidentXiJinpingofferedhisinsightsondevelopment,security,cooperation,civilization,andglobalgovernance,,strengthenthefoundationforsharedpeaceandsecurity,buildapowerfulenginetoachievecommondevelopmentandprosperity,forgeclosertiesthroughculturalandpeople-to-peopleexchanges,sportcityofQingdaomarkedthefirstgatheringofleadersofalleightmem,memberstatesstressedunity,coordination,"buildingacommunitywithasharedfutureforhumanity",theworldisfacedwithchallengessuchashegemony,powerpolitics,securitythreats,unilateralism,tnerships,prioritizecooperationonsecurity,followthetrendofeconomicglobalizationandregionalintegration,enhancepeople-to-peopleconnectivityandmutuallearninginculture,,theSCOmem,with23cooperativedocumentsindiversefieldssigned,,000lawenforcementofficersforallpartiesinthenextthreeyearsthroughChinaNationalInstituteforSCOInternationalExchangeandJudicialCooperationandotherplatforms,setupa30-billion-yuan()equivalentspeciallendingfacilitywithintheframeworkoftheSCOInter-bankConsortium,andsupportbuildingademonst,theSCOstandsasacomprehensiveregionalcoopera,namely,China,India,Kazakhstan,Kyrgyzstan,Pakistan,Russia,TajikistanandUzbekistan,accoundevelopment,,theSCOwillmakegreatercontributionstotheloftycauseofhumanprogress.

  BEIJING,June2(Xinhua)--WithXiJinpingincharge,Chinaspoverty-reliefbattle,theworldsbiggestandtoughest,hasmadedecisiveprog(CPC)CentralCommitt,generalsecretaryoftheCPCCentralCommittee,themeetingstressedthatthebattleagainstpovertyisoneofthe"threetoughbattles",Chinaneedstoliftaround30millionpoorruralresidentsoutofpovertyinthenextthreeyears."Wemustbeawareofthedifficultiesandchallengesinwinningthebattle,andmusthaveastrongersenseofresponsibilityandurgencyinpovertyrelief,"sownwords,"Onthemarchtowardscommonprosperity,noonemustbeleftbehind."DuringasymposiumonpovertyalleviationinChengduinFebruarythisyear,Xisasleadership,targetedstrategies,strongfinancialsupport,nnualincomeof2,300yuan()--inthepastfiveyears,,,,thea,,,becomingthefirstcountrytocompletetheUnitedNations(UN)theruralareasby2020,Chinaiscarryingoutabasicstrategyoftargetedapproach,whichrequiresofficialsofalllevelstoidentifywhot,morecapableandsuitableoff,officialswithbusinesssavvyweresenttopoverty-strickenvillages,whileofficialswithspeci,Chinahasadoptedvariousmeanstoreducepoverty,includinge-commerce,financing,tourism,ommercepovertyreliefprogramsinthepastfiveyears,and23,,intheeyesofLiuYongfu,directoroftheStateCouncilLeadingGroupOfficeofPovertyAlleviationandDevelopment,,putmoreemphasisonquality,andbemoretargetedandprecise,Liusaid."Wewillworktofosterlocalindustries,createnewjobs,relocateresidentsinpoorareas...andstrengthenaidtotheaged,thedisabledandpeoplewhoareseriouslyill."GLOBALGOODTheachievementsChinahasmadeinpovertyalleviationhavenotonlyhelpedthedevelopmentofitsownhumanrightsendeavor,butalsogreatlycontributedtothatoftheinternationalcommunitywithChinesewisdomandsolutions,"themostrapidlarge-scalepovertyreductioninhumanhistoryoverthelast25years,"saida2016WorldBankdocument,whichwasreleasedaftertheWorldBanksone-yearresearchofworldwidepovertyreductioneffortsinpartnershipwiththeChinesegovernment."WeshouldnotforgetthefactthatChinahascontributedthemostinworldpovertyalleviationinthepastdecade,"UNSecretary-GeneralAntonioGuterressaidlastyearaboutChina,WashingtonbureauchiefoftheExecutiveIntelligenceReviewnewsmagazine,saidendingpovertyhadlongbeenregardedamajortaskforhumanity,butuntilrecentlywasseenasa"utopiandream.""WithChina,thatdreamisnowbecomingareality,"hesaid.

  ChinesePresidentXiJinpingaddressesabanquetheldforguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Xinhua/XieHuanchi)QINGDAO,June9(Xinhua)--ChinesePresidentXiJinpinghostedadinneronSaturdayeveningtowelcomeguestswhogatherinthecoastalcityofQingdaoforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)summit."ItissuchapleasuretohaveyouwithushereinQingdao,ShandongProvince,ontheshoreoftheYellowSea,"Xisaidwhileaddressingthedinner."Iwishtoextend,onbehalfoftheChinesegovernmentandpeopleandinmyownname,averywarmwelcometoallofyou,particularlythestateleadersandheadsofinternationalorganizationswhohavecometoattendthemeetingoftheCouncilofHeadsofMemberStatesoftheSCO,",Confucianismbelievesthat"ajustcauseshouldbepursuedforthecommongood"andchampionsharmony,unityandasharedcommunityforallnations,t,namely,mutualtrust,mutualbenefit,equality,consultation,respectfordiversecivilizationsandpursuitofcommondevelopment,hesaid."TheShanghaiSpiritsfocusonseekingcommongroundwhilesettingasidedifferencesandpursuingmutuallybeneficialcooperationhaswonwidespreadinternationalendorsementandsupport,",theSCOhasdeliveredfruitfuloutcomesinsecurity,economicandculturalcooperationandmadehistoricstridesininstitutionbuilding,,fourobserverstatesandsixdialoguepartners,theSCOhasbecomeanimportantforceforupholdingregionalsecurity,promotingcommondevelopmentandimprovingglobalgovernance,Xisaid.",wewillholdthefirstsummitoftheSCOafteritsexpansionanddrawupablueprintforitsfuturegrowth,"Xisaid.",letushoistthesailoftheShanghaiSpirit,breakwavesandembarkonanewvoyageforourorganization,",Xiandtheguestswatchedanartisticperformanceoflightsandfireworkswiththethemeof"AWarmWelcometoFriendsfromAfar."Xiandforeignleadershadagroupphototakenaheadofthedinner.AerialphototakenonMay27,2018showsthesceneryoftheYamdrokLakeinNagarzeCountyofShannanCity,southwestChinasTibetAutonomousRegion.(Xinhua/JigmeDorgi)AerialphototakenonMay27,2018showsthesceneryoftheYamdrokLakeinNagarzeCountyofShannanCity,southwestChinasTibetAutonomousRegion.(Xinhua/JigmeDorgi)AerialphototakenonMay27,2018showsthesceneryoftheYamdrokLakeinNagarzeCountyofShannanCity,southwestChinasTibetAutonomousRegion.(Xinhua/JigmeDorgi)AerialphototakenonMay27,2018showsthesceneryoftheYamdrokLakeinNagarzeCountyofShannanCity,southwestChinasTibetAutonomousRegion.(Xinhua/JigmeDorgi)AerialphototakenonMay29,2018showsthesceneryoftheYamdrokLakeinNagarzeCountyofShannanCity,southwestChinasTibetAutonomousRegion.(Xinhua/JigmeDorgi)AerialphototakenonMay27,2018showsthesceneryoftheYamdrokLakeinNagarzeCountyofShannanCity,southwestChinasTibetAutonomousRegion.(Xinhua/JigmeDorgi)AerialphototakenonMay27,2018showsthesceneryoftheYamdrokLakeinNagarzeCountyofShannanCity,southwestChinasTibetAutonomousRegion.(Xinhua/JigmeDorgi)

  

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当年为学费砸石子的舟山少年 今天首飞的C919掌门人

2019-08-25 18:59 | 北京时间 | 手机看国搜 | 打印 | 收藏 |评论 | 扫描到手机
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核心提示:金壮龙中国商用飞机有限责任公司董事长,金壮龙担任中国商用飞机有限责任公司总经理,中国曾经有过自己的大飞机。

想必从昨天开始,各位朋友圈里都被“C919”刷屏了。原因很简单:直到现在,大家出行,常坐的飞机,依旧要么是美国人造的波音、要么是欧洲人造的空客。

C919今天下午的这次首飞,毫无疑问,将为这种现象画上句号。而这,就不得不说起一个家境贫寒的少年,当年为了挣些学费,他甚至要砸石子。

他就是:金壮龙中国商用飞机有限责任公司董事长。

现在沿着浙江省舟山市政府行政大楼,再向东走,就会进入绿岛社区。这个社区有个东荡村,金壮龙就在这个村的何家塘长大。

现在这个村子已经被拆迁,但在三四十年前,这里还有一些农田。舟山人爱种樟树,金壮龙的家附近,就有一棵上百年的老樟树,苍劲繁茂,亭亭如盖,虬枝横飞。

藏在绿荫丛中的,并不是田园诗歌,而是贫困,金壮龙也是村中家境比较困难的人家。穷人的孩子早当家,七八岁时,懂事的他就帮父母做家务。在当时,农民收入有限,孩子的学费是个大问题,在金壮龙少年时,他找到了一条挣学费的路:砸石子。

现在的人很可能不知道为什么要砸石子。早年时,因为没有机械设备、就算有设备,也无法保证充足的电源。建房子、铺路用的石子,要靠人的手,一锤子一锤子砸下去,把大石块砸成小石块,小石块砸成石子,再卖出去。

一天砸下来,腰酸背痛不说,握锤子的手常常会磨出水泡,要是不小心砸到自己的手,还容易受伤。而且,辛辛苦苦砸出来的石子,其实卖不到多少钱。但对于很多贫寒出身的孩子来说,这些微不足道的散钱,却可以成为学费的来源。

可能因为家境,也可能是性格的原因,金壮龙小时候非常内向,性格羞涩,不大爱说话,连村里孩子的嬉戏打闹,也不大参与。

小学时代,金壮龙差不多一半学习,一半干活。

对自己,金壮龙后来是这么评价的:

天赋并不特别聪明,后来能连续成为学习尖子,主要靠的是刻苦和勤奋。

但这个农家孩子,性格却是不断寻找更高的目标,不断赶超。

有个例子可以证明:

在小学时,他是所在学校的尖子,上了初中依旧是。

但挑战接踵而至,上初二时,他家附近3个公社共同组建一所中心学校,各公社学习成绩较好的学生被抽调集中到这个学校,到了这个学校里,他就不是尖子了。当时学校分快慢班,刚开始金壮龙被分在慢班,他迅速找到了目标,拼命刻苦努力,成绩刷刷刷往上冲,半学期后,他被调到快班。

快班里几乎人人是尖子生,金壮龙再次发力,挤进了快班的前五,这5名学生,当时有个称号:“临城五虎”。后来这5个人,全部考入舟山中学读书。

舟山中学是个竞争更加激烈的平台,金壮龙读书异常刻苦,先后被评为校三好学生、浙江省三好学生,后来还当上了学生会主席,成为尖子中的尖子。

重感情,是金壮龙的另一个性格特质。后来在他决定人生方向,走向今天的成功,起到非常重要的作用。

对于舟山中学,金壮龙一直充满感激之情,工作闲暇之余,还时常会参加校庆、校友聚会活动。

知情人透露:直到现在,他还会提起当年的班主任:庄全国。毕业二十多年后,金壮龙和这位老师还有一段佳话。2006年时,东荡村拆迁,他家附近那棵大樟树因为树龄大,长得粗壮,不少单位来“讨”这棵树。

舟山中学也想要,金壮龙问庄全国,庄全国说了一句“你读书的地方在那里啊”,金壮龙就决定把这棵树捐给舟山中学。现在走进舟山中学老校区大门,东向门柱边有个花坛,就可看到这棵樟树。

1982年金壮龙18岁时,考入北京航空航天大学,到北京求学,读的是飞行器设计专业,这是他人生第一次离开舟山群岛。1986年,不断寻找新目标、不断超越自己的金壮龙又考入上海航天科技研究院读研究生。

在这时,一个巨大的诱惑摆在他面前:该不该出国呢?

当时的社会中,有股出国热潮。欧美国家人们出行,开的是轿车,国人骑的是自行车,生活条件天差地别。金壮龙的同窗好友,一个个“飞了”,去了太平洋彼岸。这时的金壮龙,也曾经受到过这种热潮的诱惑,他读了托福,而且得到了美国芝加哥一所航空学校的录取通知书。

出国在即,金壮龙却陷入了思考。到底是放弃事业还是放弃出国?经过思考,金壮龙作出了抉择:鱼和熊掌不可得兼。

金壮龙做出这种决定的原因,是另一种感情:对祖国的感情。

他后来说:

个人的小坐标,要紧紧地挂靠在祖国需求的大坐标上。

他没有去美国,而是去了离海更远的沙漠中。

1991年冬季,金壮龙作为试验队员,第一次乘专列,经过7天7夜的旅行,来到西北戈壁滩,参加飞行器发射试验。更弥足珍贵的是:在这个位于沙漠中的基地中,他见到了不少把人生奉献给航天事业的“老航天”。

1993年,因为专注科研,刻苦努力。金壮龙被任命为上海航天机电工程研究所副所长,那年他28岁。当时的科研经费紧缺,科研人员生活条件比较艰苦,金壮龙还曾经带领单位的科技人员,承接过宁波一家商厦的电子信息管理系统工程项目,并担任工程总指挥。

1998年初,金壮龙被任命为上海航天局局长。2019-08-25,上海航天人参与研制的“神舟”飞船,成功地进行了飞行试验。为此,上海航天技术研究院集体荣获中华全国总工会授予的全国“五一”劳动奖状。

如果他当年去了美国,基本不可能会取得这么大的成就。

2007年,是金壮龙转折性的一年,他从航天领域,转到了民用航空领域,他但任了大型客机项目筹备组副组长。

2008年5月,中国商用飞机有限责任公司经国务院批准在上海成立。按照官方说法,中国商飞既是实施国家大型飞机重大专项中大型客机项目的主体,同时也是统筹干线飞机和支线飞机发展、实现中国民用飞机产业化的主要载体。

就在当年,金壮龙担任中国商用飞机有限责任公司总经理。

但在此时,中国民用航空领域简直可以“一张白纸”来形容。

上世纪80年代时,中国曾经有过自己的大飞机:运10。但后来,因为和美国麦道公司合资,运10下马,而且应美国方面的要求,拆毁运10及其生产线,并解散3000多人的技术团队,这等于彻底摧毁了当时中国研发大飞机的能力。

这些科研人员,有的出国,有的去了军工企业,还有一部分去了上汽,造汽车去了。进入本世纪初,中国民用航空迫切需要大飞机,但订单却只能下给国外厂商。

2019-08-25,中国商飞在2010珠海航展上首次对外发布全球民用飞机市场预测报告。报告预测,到2029年,全球共需要30230架干线和支线飞机,总价值近3.4万亿美元。其中,中国市场就需要3750多架大型客机。

金壮龙曾这么说:

“中国的需求量将近有4000架,150座级就有3000架左右,设想一下如果像汽车一样,我们(中国商飞)如果占三分之一的话,六七百架也是非常有诱惑力的。”

这只是美好前景,当时的实际情况却并非如此。

金壮龙曾说起中国商飞起步阶段的情况:

最早的时候没有总部,也没有人,两个部长、两个司机、几个工作人员就开干了。当时在闵行,边上有个小卖部,我们整整待了半年多,他们生意好得不得了,我们搬走以后他们生意一下子降下来了。

2012年1月,金壮龙担任中国商飞公司董事长、党委书记。

当时大飞机研制正处于困难时期:国产喷气支线飞机ARJ21研制进程再度拖延,向客户交付首架的目标落空。

而在同时,空客和波音又先后宣布将推出A320、B737系列飞机的换发机型A320neo和B737 MAX,对C919形成挤压。

波音总裁兼首席执行官安波杰说:

我们相信,波音在2012年将重回世界第一。而这所谓的第一意味着营业额、利润、交付量以及为客户提供他们想要的产品,而不仅仅是飞机数量。

空客中国总裁博龙则说:

尽管中国政府鼓励国内采购,但航空公司也会考虑到安全性能、效益等多方面的问题。

语调委婉,但言下之意不言而喻。

对这种形势,金壮龙说:

“前有巨头打压,后有追兵追赶,我们处在非常尖锐的市场环境里。”

这种时候,唯有靠决心和毅力。他在一篇文章中说:

“研制大飞机,是空前浩繁而艰巨的开创性事业,是民族复兴梦想与个人奋斗梦想融为一体的千载机缘。”

面对不足,除了埋头苦干外,金壮龙开动脑筋,认真分析现状,决定围绕着中国商飞这个核心集成商,搞了“三个圈”。

第一个圈,是联合中航工业集团旗下的公司,包括西飞、成飞、洪都等,它们都有为波音、空客配套的经验,不搞重复建设。

第二个圈是全国圈,央企和民企都可以来,不管什么性质的,只要达到标准就可以采用。

第三个圈是国际圈,包括国际顶尖的供应商,像霍尼韦尔、古德里奇等,鼓励外资与中国企业组建合资公司,招标的时候优先考虑。

至于金壮龙背后的雄心,则是:

“举全国之力,我们要打造一个民用飞机产业链,通过实施大型客机项目,来带动中国航空工业的发展。”

现在,证明这种决策是正确的。

2019-08-25,C919大型客机项目首架机机头在中航工业成飞民机下线。

2019-08-25,C919飞机首架机前机身部段在中航工业洪都下线。

当年8月21日,C919飞机首架机中后机身部段在中航工业洪都大部件厂房下线。

2019-08-25,C919飞机首架机在中国商飞总装制造中心总装下线。

今天,则是C919的首飞。

根据媒体报道,目前中国商飞公司已经获得的订单总数为570架,其中包括美国通用电气租赁(GECAS)等国际客户。

金壮龙的故事,可以给我们诸多思考。

在人生当中,有两种诱惑。

有些诱惑是那种恐惧失败的情绪,这会让人们忍受不了奋斗过程中的艰辛;有些则是似乎唾手可得的快乐。

人生就像一场马拉松,有的人因为家境贫寒,选择了随波逐流,有些人因为暂时的快乐,放弃了进一步的奋斗。

只有那种最坚韧不拔的人,才可能得到最大的荣耀。

人生该如何做出选择,C919掌门人的故事,或许能给我们更多的启发。

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